European Journal of Environment and Public Health
Research Article

A Snapshot of Racial and Geographic Distribution of Lung and Bronchus Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Mississippi, 2008-2012

Published online: 30 Jun 2017
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Abstract

To identify disproportionate burden for lung and bronchus cancer incidence and mortality rates in
Mississippi from 2008-2012. Lung and bronchus cancer remains a major public health burden in the United
States and Mississippi. We examined data from 2008 to 2012 for lung cancer incidence and mortality rates
by demographics (age, sex, race) and geographic (Public Health Districts, and urban/rural) characteristics
to identify potential health disparities. Data were extracted from the Mississippi Cancer Registry (MCR). It
represents age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates per 100,000 population to the 2000 U.S. standard
population and 95% confidence intervals. During 2008-2012, 12,579 people (overall rate of 78.63 per
100,000) were diagnosed with lung cancer in Mississippi. Overall, Whites in urban areas had a higher
incidence (80.9) rate and Blacks had a higher mortality (62.94) rate. Based on the findings of age, sex, race,
and geographic disparities, it is suggested that there is a need for more effective community-based
interventions and preventative measures for cultural sensitive groups to reduce the burden of lung cancer
in Mississippi. It also helps to coordinate a more comprehensive approach for the control of cancer planning
efforts.

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Related Subjects
Environmental Sciences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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